Tag Archives: Renewable Energy Tax Incentive Program

Funding Startup Companies Jumpstart Economy

GPEC boosts state’s economy by attracting more foreign direct investment

The Greater Phoenix Economic Council’s California 50 program — which aimed to fly 50 Golden State CEOs to Phoenix for an opportunity to tour and explore the region’s business-friendly environment — proved to be so popular that they expanded it to 100 a week after its launch.

But it may be GPEC’s pitch to CEOs even farther away that makes the biggest impact on Arizona’s economy.

“GPEC is focused on a specific region in China, defined by Shanghai and 10 other cities connected by high-speed rail,” says Ron Butler, managing partner at Ernst & Young in Phoenix and co-chair of GPEC’s International Leadership Council. “This region (known as the ‘Z Corridor’) features China’s largest concentration of industries, including solar, medical device, IT, pharmaceuticals, high-tech manufacturing and chemicals. GPEC has made tremendous strides over the past several years in China, particularly with solar and renewable energy companies. Now, the organization is looking to leverage those relationships and expand into other, capital-intensive industries.”

GPEC’s effort is significant, Butler says, because export industries and foreign direct investment (FDI) drive economic growth, create wealth within the region, and tend to be capital-intensive operations that pay higher-than-average wages. Currently, FDI accounts for 73,000 jobs in Arizona and the state saw a 235 percent increase in FDI from 2005-2010, from just over $270 million to more than $904 million.

“By focusing on the Z corridor, a zone known for its solar, high-tech, bio-medical, and chemical industries, GPEC has identified a region that can appreciate what Arizona and — more importantly Arizona workers — can do well,” says Ilya A. Iussa, assistant professor of law at Phoenix School of Law.

But it’s not just investment from China that is giving Arizona an economic boost within the solar and renewable energy industries. In addition to China’s Suntech, the region has seen investments from Spain’s Rioglass and Abengoa, England’s Faist, Germany’s Solon, France’s Saint-Gobain, and Canada’s Cosma International.

“GPEC smartly targets the regions and countries that represent significant growth opportunities, like Canada, China and Western Europe, and works these markets with effective marketing and business development strategies,” Butler says. “Now, with a more concentrated effort underway in China and successful positioning as both a leader in the U.S. solar market and an on-the-record supporter of expanded free trade with China, the Greater Phoenix region is poised for amplified growth in FDI, particularly from China.”

Despite its success, experts says Arizona still has some work to do.

“Our neighboring states and biggest competitors far outrank us in national FDI and export-trade rankings,” Butler says. “California is first for FDI and second for exports, while Texas is second for FDI and first for exports. As such, we must continue evaluating our market for additional FDI and export industry opportunities, and look for ways to increase our competitiveness in these areas.”

Lawmakers have identified one area that needs to be addressed to gain a competitive edge on other states.

“One of the first things we should do is focus on developing a highly educated workforce that will attract companies and businesses looking to move their headquarters,” says Rep. Matt Salmon, R-5. “In addition, it is equally important for us to create a pro-business environment and that comes by reducing harmful regulations that hamper economic growth. Both would increase Arizona’s role in the global economy.”

In order to be increase its global presence and become more competitive with neighboring states like California and Texas, Butler says Arizona must increase the number of export industries operating in the state.

“We can increase our competitiveness for these types of investments,” he says, “with a targeted economic development program for export industries, similar to the Renewable Energy Tax Incentive Program (SB1403), which has brought significant investments to the region and the Qualified Facilities Tax Credit (HB2815), which expanded the successful renewable energy program to include qualified, export-based investments.”

Tax Incentives - AZRE Magazine July/August 2010

Tax Incentives for Green Construction Projects

It Saves to be Green – Tax Incentives

Though famous for saying, “It’s not easy being green,” Kermit the Frog may be singing a different tune in today’s economy, where going “green” often comes with significant opportunities for tax incentives and savings.

Both the federal government and many states, including Arizona, provide a range of tax credits and other financial incentives for builders to go green. Key among these incentives are federal’s energy-efficient commercial buildings tax deduction and energy investment tax credit, and the State of Arizona’s commercial and industrial solar tax credit and renewable energy tax incentive program. Unfortunately, many builders and real estate professionals have been slow to reap the benefits of these green project incentives, often leaving cash on the table.

Federal Level

Energy-Efficient Commercial Buildings Deduction

Enacted as part of the Energy Policy Act of 2005, the federal energy-efficient commercial buildings deduction provides owners with an immediate tax deduction for all or part of the cost of installing certain energy-efficient property. The deductible amount is up to $1.80 per square foot for the installation of interior lighting, heating, cooling, ventilation, hot water or building envelope systems that are installed as part of a plan to reduce the amount of power used by 50 percent or more, in comparison to a reference building as defined in the Treasury Regulations. The deduction is available for property that is “placed in service” before Dec. 31, 2013, and covers “green” projects such as the installation of automatic lighting controls, efficient insulation, and the use of recycled water for cooling and restroom facilities.

Energy Investment Tax Credit

The federal energy investment tax credit is aimed at encouraging taxpayers to produce and use energy sources other than oil or gas. Under the Internal Revenue Code (IRC), businesses are entitled to claim a 10 percent or 30 percent credit for installing systems that generate energy for the business’ own use. A 30 percent credit is available for the installation of equipment using solar energy to generate electricity or to heat or cool a building, fuel cells that generate electricity, and small wind energy property. A 10 percent credit is available for the installation of a solar system for lighting a building, certain combined heat and power systems, and equipment using groundwater for heating or cooling. In order to claim the credit, the taxpayer must either construct or reconstruct the property, or be the first user of the property, and the residence must satisfy certain performance and quality standards set forth in the Treasury Regulations.

State Level

Arizona Commercial/Industrial Solar Energy Tax Credit

Under Arizona Revised Statutes (ARS), an income tax credit is available to businesses that install one or more solar energy devices in an Arizona facility. The tax credit is equal to 10 percent of the cost of the solar energy device, with up to $25,000 of tax credit available for a single building. The credit is available through the Arizona Department of Commerce (ADOC), which is authorized to certify up to $1 million in solar energy credits per year. Solar energy devices qualifying for the credit generally include devices designed to provide heating, cooling or daylighting, or to produce electrical power from solar energy.

Arizona Renewable Energy Tax Incentive Program

Effective Jan. 1, 2010, the State of Arizona began offering a tax incentive program aimed at encouraging renewable energy product manufacturers to relocate to Arizona, or expand their local operations. The program provides income and property tax incentives to businesses in the solar, wind, geothermal or renewable energy industries that make certain qualifying investments in manufacturing or headquarter operations in Arizona. Qualifying businesses may receive a refundable income tax credit, as well as real and personal property tax reductions. The credit is available through the ADOC, which is authorized to certify up to $70 million in income tax credits for a five-year period, beginning on Jan. 1, 2010.

The green tax credits and incentives highlighted above represent only the surface of potential tax and financial benefits available to companies committed to green construction. However, because the ability to claim tax incentives and credits for green projects often involves some pre-planning, certification or record keeping requirements, consulting with a professional tax adviser prior to undertaking a green construction project is advisable.

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Article written for AZRE by Kelly C. Mooney, J.D., L.L.M., who is a shareholder in the Tax Department at Gallagher & Kennedy P.A. She practices in the area of federal tax law, with an emphasis on the taxation of individuals, corporations, partnerships, tax-exempt entities, estates and trusts, and civil tax controversy matters.



AZRE Magazine July/August 2010