Arizona State University has been chosen to lead a new National Science Foundation (NSF) site that will provide a Southwest regional infrastructure to advance nanoscale science, engineering and technology research.
NSF will provide a total of $81 million over five years to support 16 sites and a coordinating office as part of a new National Nanotechnology Coordinated Infrastructure (NNCI) program. ASU’s site is funded at $800,000 a year for five years, for a total of $4 million.
The NNCI sites will provide researchers from academia, small and large companies, and government labs with access to university user facilities with leading-edge fabrication and characterization tools, instrumentation, and expertise within all disciplines of nanoscale science, engineering and technology.
Nanotechnology deals with the design and manufacture of electrical, mechanical and biological systems built at the molecular level of less than 100 nanometers
A nanometer is one billionth of a meter. To put that scale in perspective, the diameter of a human hair is in the range 50,000 to 75,000 nanometers. Nanotechnology may be able to create many new materials and devices with a vast range of applications, such as in medicine, electronics, biomaterials energy production, and consumer products.
The Nanotechnology Collaborate Infrastructure Southwest (NCI-SW)
The NNCI award has been granted to Trevor Thornton, professor in the School of Electrical, Computer and Energy Engineering, one of the six Ira A. Fulton Schools of Engineering. He will be the principal investigator and director of the new Nanotechnology Collaborative Infrastructure Southwest (NCI-SW).
The goals of the NCI-SW site are to build a Southwest regional infrastructure for nanotechnology discovery and innovation, to address societal needs through education and entrepreneurship, and to serve as a model site of the NNCI.
Key partners include the Maricopa County Community College District and Science Foundation Arizona.
Co-principal investigators include Stuart Bowden, associate research professor in the School of Electrical, Computer and Energy Engineering; Jenefer Husman, associate professor in the Sanford School; and Jameson Wetmore, associate professor in the School for the Future of Innovation in Society, Consortium for Science, Policy & Outcomes, and School of Human Evolution & Social Change.
The NNCI framework builds on the National Nanotechnology Infrastructure Network (NNIN), which enabled major discoveries, innovations, and contributions to education and commerce for more than 10 years.
“NSF’s long-standing investments in nanotechnology infrastructure have helped the research community to make great progress by making research facilities available,” said Pramod Khargonekar, the NSF’s assistant director for engineering. “NNCI will serve as a nationwide backbone for nanoscale research, which will lead to continuing innovations and economic and societal benefits.”
According to Thornton, ASU has a well-established nanotechnology infrastructure, with faculty strengths that transcend disciplines.
“This gave us a competitive advantage in being chosen for this award,” he said. “We also successfully directed the NSF predecessor to the NNCI centers, a NNIN site—ASU Nanofab—that wrapped up 6 years of funding at the end of August. The NNCI allows us to expand our offerings and outreach in a big way.”
The NCI-SW site will encompass six collaborative research facilities: the ASU NanoFab, the LeRoy Eyring Center for Solid State Science, the Flexible Electronics and Display Center (FEDC), the Peptide Array Core Facility, the Solar Power Laboratory (SPL), and the User Facility for the Social and Ethical Implications of Nanotechnology.
The NCI-SW site will open the Flexible Electronics and Display Center and the Solar Power Laboratory to the broader research community for the first time.
Societal impacts of nanotechnology
The site will provide particular intellectual and infrastructural strengths in the life sciences, flexible electronics, renewable energy and the societal impact of nanotechnology.
Wetmore will be leading the Social and Ethical Implications (SEI) component of ASU’s NNCI effort.
The SEI component is comprised of two parts: 1) building a social science “user facility” where scholars can come to ASU to learn to use tools to help them collaborate across disciplines and develop a better understanding of the past, present, and future social implications of science and technology; and 2) offering programs that train scientists and engineers in how to identify and think about the social aspects and implications of their work.
“The NNCI effort at ASU is exciting because it is a blending of scientists, engineers, and social scientists working together not just in name, but in practice,” Wetmore said. “Those involved have a long history of working together and look forward to continuing to develop an engineering workforce that can see the big picture and better work towards social goods.”
Building an educated workforce
“What also is outstanding about this program is that it not only focuses on building a nanotech industry, it is equally concerned with creating an educated workforce. Our efforts will span from K-12 all the way to working professionals,” Thornton said.
ASU will collaborate with Maricopa County Community College District (MCCCD) and Science Foundation Arizona (SFAz) to develop STEM materials with a nanotechnology focus for A.S. and A.A.S students in communities throughout metropolitan Phoenix and rural Arizona.
ASU also will provide entrepreneurship training for users who wish to commercialize nanotechnology in order to benefit society. To facilitate the commercialization of research breakthroughs, the NCI-SW will support prototyping facilities and low-volume manufacturing pilot lines for solar cells, flexible electronics and biomolecular arrays.
The Science Outside the Lab summer program at the ASU Washington, D.C., campus will allow users across the NNCI to explore the policy issues associated with nanotechnology.
A web portal hosted and maintained by MCCCD will provide seamless access to all the resources of the NCI-SW.
Through a FY 2016 competition, one of the newly awarded sites will be chosen to coordinate the facilities.
This coordinating office will enhance the sites’ impact as a national nanotechnology infrastructure and establish a web portal to link the individual facilities’ websites to provide a unified entry point to the user community of overall capabilities, tools and instrumentation. The office also will help to coordinate and disseminate best practices for national-level education and outreach programs.
Funding for the NNCI program is provided by all NSF directorates and the Office of International Science and Engineering.
The 16 sites are located in 15 states and involve 27 universities, including Stanford, Harvard, Cornell, the University of Texas-Austin, the University of Pennsylvania, North Carolina State University, and Georgia Institute of Technology.