Arizona State University just passed a milestone with more than $1 billion raised in external funding by the startups in its portfolio at Skysong Innovations, the entity that brings ASU research into the marketplace.

Inventions shepherded from lab to market include mechanical trees that pull carbon dioxide from the air and capture it for downstream use in construction, agriculture and industry; an engineered virus that attacks cancer cells; and an enzyme-based solution that cost-effectively reduces dust emissions at construction sites.

“A billion dollars of investments is an incredible milestone that signals enormous accomplishment, but the real significance is in what the investment has enabled,” ASU President Michael Crow said.

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“We’ve built a water-capture company. We have nanomanufacturing companies. We have new materials. We have spinout companies in biotech. We have hundreds of technologies that we’ve spun out, and investors have invested a billion dollars to launch those companies and get them moving. It is the impact of what has been done with the money invested that is truly exciting.”

Built into ASU’s charter is the directive to advance “research and discovery of public value.” Since 2002, ASU research expenditures have grown more than fivefold, going from $123 million to nearly $640 million in fiscal year 2019, as federal agencies — including NASA, the National Science Foundation, Health and Human Services, the Department of Energy, and the Department of Defense — have invested substantial research dollars in ASU, along with investment from businesses, nonprofits and philanthropic sources, as well as state and local grants.

It has led to ASU ranking sixth out of 759 universities in the nation for total research expenditures among universities without a medical school in the most recent Higher Education Research and Development (HERD) rankings from the National Science Foundation.

ASU research aiming to solve some of society’s most pressing problems spans health, space exploration, engineering, climate change, cybersecurity and much more — but it’s not enough for the knowledge gained to live in a lab. It has to get out into the world and provide real solutions to real-world challenges.

That’s where Skysong Innovations comes in.

Skysong Innovations was established in 2003. To date it has launched over 160 startups, which between 2016 and 2020 in Arizona alone have generated $700 million in gross state product, $450 million in cumulative labor income and $60 million in state and local tax revenues. An independent economic analysis projects that by 2025, the economic impact of Skysong Innovations and its startup activities in Arizona alone will be more than $1.5 billion while the nationwide economic impact will exceed $2.3 billion.

“We focus on deal flow and economic impact for Arizona and for the world,” CEO Augustine Cheng said. “It’s about moving university technologies into the marketplace and real-world impact in terms of products and services benefiting people and job creation in terms of startups.”

Here’s how technology transfer works: Someone at the university — could be a faculty member, researcher or a bright graduate student — comes up with an invention like a process or a machine that has great potential if it goes to market. They go to Skysong Innovations for its expertise in managing this process.

Skysong Innovations undertakes a variety of activities to support the invention. The team there conducts market and legal assessments of the inventions, devises and executes strategies to protect intellectual property, markets the technologies to industry entities and completes the deals that help create new companies whose products benefit society.

Infographic showing the breakdown of the 1 billion dollars raised through Skysong Innovations

This function exists at all major research universities. Google was born at Stanford. Gatorade came out of the University of Florida. COVID-19 vaccines from Pfizer and Moderna originated from research at the University of Pennsylvania.

ASU does well compared to its peers, ranking fourth in launching startups among U.S. universities without a medical school, according to the Association of University Technology Managers, the national trade association for university technology transfer.

ASU was one of five universities without a medical school ranking in the top 10 for issued patents, startups launched, inventions disclosed and deal flow (along with Carnegie Mellon, MIT, North Carolina State and Purdue). According to the National Academy of Inventors, ASU is also ranked in the top 10 among universities nationwide when it comes to securing U.S. patents. Patents are a critical asset when companies try to raise external funding and secure a competitive advantage in the market.

“The upside for the university is that it can be a source of company formation and help launch new products, both of which benefit society and contribute to the economy,” Cheng said.

“Conventionally, research results are disseminated through publications and academic collaborations. Technology transfer is the commercial pathway for university research, which is largely funded by the federal government and internally funded by the state of Arizona. Historically, entire industries have come out of university research, and it is one way the U.S. competes globally. With nearly $640 million in research expenditures, ASU has tremendous potential for impact, and investors agree.”

One example of such an innovation is when biochemist Grant McFadden, School of Life Sciences professor and director of ASU’s Biodesign Center for Immunotherapy, Vaccines and Virotherapy, created an engineered virus that attacks cancer cells. OncoMyx Therapeutics, headquartered in downtown Phoenix, is the company built around the treatment. To date, the company has raised $25 million in investment.

“These investments are a potent demonstration of trust in ASU’s research quality and its ability to help solve complex problems,” said Sally C. Morton, executive vice president of Knowledge Enterprise at ASU. “They are also a welcome affirmation that these impactful ideas are getting to the communities that need them most.”