When it comes to dealing with investments, it is vital for you to understand the asset classes. You should know which investments fall into each asset class. The asset classes behave often distinctly. At times, some will do well while others will fall down. Being prone to occasional bubbles and crashes make them difficult to generalize. Assets provide diversification to the portfolio.

Your portfolio is considered balanced if it is expanded over four or five asset classes. This helps minimize risk and while ensuring more in return. It is important to spread your portfolio overall asset classes evenly. Having it particularly concentrated in one sector can be a big problem if that sector underperforms due to any circumstances.

Using the following four asset classes make your portfolio strong and stable.


It is essential to have an equity component in your portfolio. Equity helps in beating inflation. It represents ownership. When you are purchasing shares in a company basically you are purchasing ownership in that company. You then have rights to a company’s profits. Profits are usually paid out to investors in the form of a dividend. Many companies use their profits to invest back in further growth.

Cash equivalents

Any property developer places cash equivalents on the top in the list of all assets. Liquidity in the form of cash equivalent investments can open several gates for portfolio construction. Cash equivalents can also form a barricade to protect from any unexpected adverse events that may set off any unforeseen liquidity needs. During periods of the market overvaluation, cash equivalents allow investors to eradicate any potential negative effects of downturns.

Real estate and tangible assets

Real estate, among tangible assets,  has proved itself playing a major role in portfolio construction. It helps the investor achieve multiple things at one time, eg, high returns, diversification, etc. There are other tangible assets as well like gold and livestock etc. These assets withstand periods of inflation.

Fixed income and debt

When you are purchasing any company’s bonds, you are basically lending them money. In return for that, the company promises to pay you interest on the loan they have taken from you. These payments are paid throughout the life of the bond. Fixed income serves you four major key roles. It preserves your capital. It gives you diversification of equities and inflation protection. On top of everything, it gives you a fixed income.

A portfolio that contains less than 4 assets is not diversified. It may not be able to take all advantages. You might want to diversify even more within each class. The purpose of spreading your portfolio over different classes is not only to avoid investment downfalls but also to take benefit from different strengths of each class. Stocks give you a high chance of higher returns but they come with more risk. Bonds don’t offer any considerable gains but they are the safest options for gains. It’s on you to choose which combination of assets benefits you the most.