Everybody knows that on average, women earn less than men, but have you ever wondered how the pay gap fluctuates between industries? 

FreshBooks,  the No. 1 small business accounting software that makes billing painless — surveyed self-employed women about their experiences to compile the 2018 Women in the Independent Workforce Report.

Here are some highlights of key findings by industry: 

• Self-employed women in construction earn 38% less than men (compared to traditionally-employed women in construction earn 2% less than their male peers)

• Women make up 80% of healthcare – but are paid 35% less

• There are only 2 industries where women earn more than men. They’re paid 24% more in I.T. and 29% more in marketing and communications. In education, they break even.


(Based on annual median revenue of self-employed individuals with 5 clients or less)

Arts & Entertainment

Men: $13,298

Women: $12,844

Construction & Trades

Men: $29,921

Women: $18,648

Creative Professionals

Men: $12,185

Women: $11,497

Health & Wellness

Men: $25,599

Women: $16,658


Men: $17,186

Women: $17,165

Information Technology & Support

Men: $20,601

Women: $25,449


Men: $36,671

Women: $19,827 

Marketing, Communications & Media

Men: $17,602

Women: $22,639