Purchases of high-end homes in the U.S. jumped 26% year over year during the three months ending April 30, according to a new report from Redfin, the technology-powered real estate brokerage. That’s compared to the 17.8% gain in purchases of affordable homes and the 14.8% increase in purchases of mid-priced homes. This comes as wealthy Americans have reaped the benefits of a strong stock market, swelling savings accounts and remote work—and as a relative abundance of high-end homes have hit the market, enabling purchases in that segment of the market to flourish.

“So far, the economic recovery from the pandemic has disproportionately benefited Americans with bigger bank accounts,” said Redfin Chief Economist Daryl Fairweather. “This means a lot of the demand for homes is coming from folks who are well-off, while many lower-income Americans sit on the sidelines because they’ve been priced out of the housing market due to surging prices.”

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Redfin’s analysis divides U.S. residential properties into three equal-sized buckets—high-end, mid-priced and affordable—based on Redfin Estimates of the homes’ market values. It’s important to note that year-over-year changes in Redfin’s report may be somewhat exaggerated because pandemic stay-at-home orders halted homebuying and selling around this time last year.

The surge in purchases of expensive properties was led by San Francisco, which saw an 82.4% jump in high-end home sales during the three months ending April 30—the biggest gain among the 50 most populous U.S. metropolitan areas. Next came Oakland, CA (+71.8%), Miami (+70.4%), San Jose, CA (+66%) and Las Vegas (+64.4%).

“Growth in high-end-home sales is currently skewed toward some of the most expensive markets in the country—like the Bay Area and parts of Florida—which is fueling an uptick in high-end home prices,” Fairweather said. “The high-end sales growth in Florida is being fueled by an influx of affluent out-of-staters, while the gain in the Bay Area is more of a recovery from the massive decline in sales the region experienced at the start of the pandemic when scores of Americans left big cities. Folks may be starting to feel more comfortable putting down roots in major hubs now that they’re gaining clarity on post-pandemic life.

Prices of High-End Homes Are Growing Faster Than Prices of Affordable and Mid-Priced Homes

Prices of high-end homes in the U.S. rose a record 14.3% year over year during the three months ending April 30. By comparison, prices of mid-priced homes climbed a record 12.4% and prices of affordable homes increased 10.2%. “Record” changes in this context refers to Redfin’s records, which date back to 2013.

“As the economic recovery starts to touch more middle-class Americans, we expect to see price growth accelerate for affordable and mid-priced homes,” said Fairweather.

High-end home prices rose in all of the 50 most populous U.S. metropolitan areas. Austin, TX led the way with a 24.1% jump, followed by San Diego, CA (+18%), Miami (+17.7%), West Palm Beach, FL (17.6%) and Phoenix (+17.2%).

Many of the metros at the top of this list are popular destinations for people who have left big cities in search of relative affordability, space and/or sunshine during the pandemic. Phoenix was the number-one destination for Redfin.com users looking to move to a different area in April, with Austin and Miami not far behind. That’s based on net inflow—a measure of how many more Redfin.com home searchers looked to move into a metro than leave.

“In the high-end market, we’re not only seeing multiple offers—we’re seeing buyers waiving appraisal and inspection contingencies, which doesn’t normally happen,” said Vincent Shook, a Redfin real estate agent in Phoenix. “The biggest driver is the influx of people from California. Still, competition remains toughest for buyers of affordable and mid-priced homes. Some buyers with more modest budgets are coming to me and saying, ‘I want a four-bedroom home and here’s my maximum price.’ I’ve had conversations where I’ve had to be brutally honest and tell them that home literally does not exist anymore. It existed eight months ago when they started looking, but they wanted to wait in hopes that prices would come down. Prices didn’t come down, and now they’re priced out of the market.”

The Number of High-End Homes Hitting the Market is on the Rise

Listings of high-end homes rose 19.3% year over year during the three months ending April 30—outpacing a 13.9% gain in affordable listings and a 9.1% increase in mid-priced listings.

Homes of Every Price Are Flying Off the Shelves

The typical high-end home that was for sale during the three months ending April 30 spent 26 days on the market—23 fewer days than the same period in 2020. Affordable homes spent 24 days on the market (12 fewer days than a year earlier) and mid-priced homes spent 20 days on the market (18 fewer days than a year earlier).

To read the full report, including additional charts and metro-level data, please visit: